International Journal of Financial Management and Economics
Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2019)
Socio-economic aspects of rural migration in Rajasthan
Human settlement in the Rajasthan state is scattered, low density of population, vast area and segmented pattern of human settlement are some of the constraints adversely affecting the development of the states economy. Due to low agricultural productivity and heavy population growth in rural area problem like poverty, malnutrition, inadequate employment arises. So in order to earn livelihood, people from rural area move from one place to another in search of work. The study may be helpful in highlighting some of the unexplored and changing relationship. So the purpose of present study was to find out Socio-economic aspects of rural migration in Rajasthan.
The northern Rajasthan is agriculturally more developed as compared to the other region of the state. From the northern region 2 districts were chosen. The study is based on the census survey conducted in the villages of the 2 districts of Rajasthan and briefly present an account of socio-economic factors responsible for out migration.
It was proved that There is higher intensity of migration from the village attached to district headquarters. The proportion of daily migrants as compared to other migrants is greater i.e. shorter the distance more the daily migrants. The asset of household effect the intensity of migration among the households where asset position is better, the tendency to migrate is less. Poor employment opportunities at the native place and expectations to get more remunerative employment is the main reason of migration. Upper caste youth is migrating in large numbers to far distance urban area to get the better employment. The high income group also migrating toward urban area for better facilities, education and services. The migration largely effecting there social structure and also emotional needs.