International Journal of Financial Management and Economics
Vol. 1, Issue 1 (2018)
A critical study on availability of water resources and its management in India
Dr. SM Athar Hussain
Water is the most important in shaping the land and regulating the climate. It is one of the most important compounds that profoundly influence life. Groundwater is used for domestic and industrial water supply and also for irrigation purposes in all over the world. Water is a prime natural stockpile, a basic human need and a treasured national asset. Planning, development and management of water maneuver need to be governed by national perspectives. We are all too familiar with the problems of water on earth in both qualitative and quantitative aspects. India receives annual precipitation of about 4000 km, including snowfall. Out of this, monsoon rainfall is of the order of 3000km. Rainfall in India is relying on the south west and northeast monsoons, on shallow cyclonic depressions and disturbances and on local storms. The latest estimate of total water resources of India as assessed by NCIWRDP is 1952.87 BCM. The (NCIWRD) estimated the total basin wise average annual flow in Indian River systems as 1953 km. The annual potential nature of ground water recharge from rainfall in India is about 342.43 km. The total utilizable water resources of India, according to the CWC are 1110 BCM. According to NCIWRD, the population of India is expected to be 1333 million and 1581 million in high growth scenario by the year 2025 and 2050 respectively. This eventually would be major cause of water crisis and water quality deterioration. An ideal water management technique and awareness of people could help to save the life on earth. Index Terms- Water resources, Groundwater, degraded water, surface water, water management.